Web 2.0 Vs Web 3.0: We can’t have everything we want. There are different kinds of technology that can be used to provide us with information and services. The Internet or the World Wide Web has changed for decades to become a global community that provides tools, applications, data, etc. On the other hand, social media has made so many people use technology in their daily activities, from simple to complex. For example, people have been using Skype online for communication; Facebook for connecting with friends; Twitter for sharing news and opinions; Instagram for self-care! These are just but a few examples of websites that have gained popularity among users, and they have also created a lot of new products such as Snapchat, Snapchat, YouTube, LinkedIn, Instagram, WhatsApp, Viber, BBMM (Facebook Messenger), Google Hangouts, Twitch, etc.,
The internet is divided into two parts, web 2.0 and web 3.0, each has its own features which make them good over the others. Nowadays everyone uses these platforms according to what technology they think is better, no single person has done it all. But some examples of both technologies are given below;
Web 2.0 had an advantage over other platforms when the internet was very young. In those times everything was available without having to visit any website; the Internet was accessible to almost everybody who could afford a computer and Internet connection. Even if you didn’t have your own broadband, a phone, or mobile Internet you could get a signal. People were really happy about this because it provided them with more freedom than before the invention of Wi-Fi and cellular networks. Many websites were hosted on WordPress because there wasn’t enough server space to host all sites. This led to fewer servers required servers which meant less cost for hosting websites
. More importantly, every site owner had control over how much his/her site could be allowed or restricted, and what kind of content they could display. Bloggers were the most popular type of website at that time because they were providing lots of useful information for people. They were still dependent on domain registration for money, but the internet was growing so fast that they would need more information to back up their blog. So many businesses were using multiple domains. There was a necessity for an extra layer to keep information separate. Web 1.0 was not able to scale well with the increasing demand for resources. It was slow because it took a lot longer for a page to load on the browser. However, things were moving fast because of the development of web 2.0:
People were more interested in creating sites and websites than before. All websites that did not have ads or links (which are not good) were deleted. That left only the pages where advertising was possible. Websites started to look like real people, even though they were fake. Companies started looking for ways to buy ad space on their sites instead of buying expensive plugins. This created a huge competition between developers and designers with each site trying to outdo the other.
Each website had hundreds or thousands of pages, depending on the size and the number of posts. To combat this, Google introduced HTML5, which is a markup language that makes writing and reading code faster and easier. Another advantage was that anyone could create a website by themselves; they didn’t require the help of someone else to set up everything on their website. Anyone could upload content to this website, which eventually transformed into a database.
There were many disadvantages that arose due to the adoption of web 2.0:
Many companies wanted to be involved in the design of the main webpage and other website features. Developers had to wait until after the launch of the product or service until they could start working on a new version.
It became harder for small companies to compete against big companies which created advanced versions of their products.
If you wanted to start a business, you needed to pay for licenses and other software.
This technology also faced problems due to technical issues such as security threats and user privacy concerns.
What is the solution?
Web 3.0 is the next generation of the web, it has improved the speed of the load time. At the beginning of the 1990s, the internet wasn’t able to cope with the bandwidth. So the developers came up with the idea of using HTTP requests to deliver information faster. As soon as HTTP messages arrive on the client browser, they send to the server (server-side). Only at this point, the entire process could be viewed as one big web because HTML was split into four layers.
A request was stored in one of these layers while data was stored in another one. Server-side, client-side, metadata, and body. By moving HTTP requests from the client to the server, the page load time (the amount of time between when the server receives a request and when the request gets to the server) increased by 30%(http://blog.xkcd.com/2011/02/06/web3.0 vs web2.0). Due to the fact that HTTP was slow, it caused websites to appear outdated and not user-friendly anymore. Today HTTP requests tend to take 10 seconds to complete compared to the original HTTP requests.
This is the next generation of the web. The best thing it has accomplished is that it is now faster than ever! The biggest improvement of web3.0 is the creation and loading time. With the increase in bandwidth, the ability to show the same content for an unprecedented amount of traffic, the network is capable of showing images, videos, large files, etc. It allows people to work in teams instead of relying on individuals. You can see the difference in the picture below:
There are several tools that let you build your own website through HTML, CSS, etc. One of these tools is Wix or WordPress. While building the site, you can configure your themes and do customization. If you don’t have coding skills, then you can always hire a professional designer and developer. Of course, it will cost extra, but it’s very affordable. The pros are obvious.
The cons are also present. Users do not have control. Someone can change their mind. Nobody wants your personal site because they have more important needs. Your competitors can’t copy your idea without your permission. Also, you need to know HTML to build a website for free. Another problem is it does not offer enough features to attract customers. Most services are free in comparison to the price of one of the paid plans. So, you can say there’s no value for that.
This technology allows anyone to create their own site with just a couple of clicks. You can choose the template that suits you the best. Some services come with the option of free SSL certificates, some allow you to choose specific extensions, and some require it. Although choosing a good theme and customization it is worth a look. Since you will not be controlling the template, you can take away the template and go by yourself. Another advantage includes unlimited bandwidth. Therefore, you can have lots and lots of sites to choose from.
Web 3.0 has solved the server-side issues, and there are still troubleshoots and bugs to fix as long as you use a coder. And even when you choose an alternative, it’s not free for you.
In conclusion, I believe that if the user is ready to invest in web3.0, it is worth giving more attention to the quality of life and usability instead of making money with it. Otherwise, the chances of failing will also remain high.